John A. Cassara's report highlights some of the macro-level problems with global, disjointed, underfunded and disparate AML efforts. 

While many of the author's proposals would, in theory, reduce the amount of illicit funds flowing worldwide, he fails to address some specific questions that need answers before moving theory into practice.

  • How do we measure the effectiveness of AML initiatives?
  • What is the tipping point of applying limited resources to AML programs achieving effective deterrence and prosecution? 
  • How do governments overcome political obstacles (i.e. economic policy, defense, humanitarian issues) in order to develop and enact mutually supporting AML policies?
  • Are all stakeholders actually interested in curbing money laundering?