When whistleblowers have no protections, the entire concept of "an efficient and trusted mechanism by which employees can anonymously or confidentially report allegations of a breach of the company’s code of conduct, company policies, or suspected or actual misconduct" becomes moot.

Reward numerations and protections are most important to effective whistleblower programs because the persons that come forward often face severe personal and professional risk of doing so. The financial benefit and freedom from harassment and retaliation must be substantial enough to incentivize persons with information regarding criminal and corrupt activity to report it.